Brian Orland Manages Global Geodesign Collaboration
Brian Orland, UGA’s Rado Family Foundation/UGAF Professor of Geodesign in the College of Environment and Design (CED), is coordinating an initiative comprised of over 90 institutions worldwide designed to share design ideas on how to improve global infrastructure. “Humans are changing the world’s geography. We are aspiring to do it by design rather than happenstance,” explains Orland, “and in the process tackling some of the world’s most intractable problems, from the effects of rising tides to rapidly changing demographics caused by human migration.” The International Geodesign Collaboration (IGC) has a coordinating group comprised of researchers and practitioners at the University of Minnesota, University College London (UCL), Harvard, ESRI, and GeoDesignHub, a Dublin, Ireland-based international problem-solving technology platform, in addition to UGA’s CED. The goal of this collaboration is to bring together projects addressing challenges of changing geography across the planet—and enable designers and planners to learn from the experiences of their contemporaries in other geographical, governmental and institutional settings.
Just what is geodesign? According to Orland it is a design approach that uses digital mapping and inventory to help communities assess and shape their futures in ways that incorporate the systems that sustain them; a shared process that is the embodiment of systems thinking. Geodesign becomes the tool kit through mapping and spatial analytics. Digital maps are created to help people make critical decisions about everything from predicting flash floods, to cutting disease outbreaks and helping small coastal communities face the challenges of rising sea levels. People and communities across the globe are facing similar problems: Why not share resources and creativity in addressing them?
It is no accident that UGA created the first professorship of this kind anywhere in the world. Bruce Rado and Lawrie Jordan, 1970s graduates of the College of Environment and Design, both went on to Harvard where they studied with Carl Steinitz, one of the major early proponents of systems overlay design using computer generated imagery. Bruce and Lawrie subsequently founded ERDAS, a pioneering world-leader in creating software for analysis and use of satellite imagery. A colleague of Bruce and Lawrie at Harvard was Jack Dangermond, founder with his wife Laura of the Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) in Redlands, Ca., the global market-leading geographic information system software company. Today, this constellation of colleagues is at the forefront of innovation in how we understand and address our planet’s changing character. Using mapping and spatial analytics, digital maps are created to help people make critical decisions about everything from predicting flash floods, to cutting disease outbreaks and helping small coastal communities face the challenges of rising sea levels. The convergence of these tools in a framework for deliberate design at geographic scale resulting in the coining of the term “geodesign.” Ten years later, ESRI continues to host an annual geodesign summit to celebrate and recognize advances in this new field.
Two years ago, at the Geodesign Summit, Orland and Steinitz, with Tom Fisher (University of Minnesota), realized that numerous practitioners and academics were engaged in innovative geodesign projects and wanted to learn from each other but needed a format or framework with a common language that would make it possible to compare a project in Saudi Arabia to one in Hong Kong or coastal Georgia. The International Geodesign Collaboration (IGC) emerged from that discussion. Using a common framework developed by Steinitz, Orland and Fisher, 90 universities in 34 countries have completed projects in 37 countries. Each design project portrays discrete patterns of land-use change in a unified format, projecting planning needs for the next 15 to 35 years and taking into account projected global changes, such as climate, habitat and population changes. This February, another gathering will take place in Redlands, CA to commence the process of gleaning points of contrast and commonality from the completed projects. Which landscape change systems received the most attention, or the least? How are the UN Sustainable Development Goals addressed by design solutions? Does scale play a dominant role in the choice of design approach? Do interdisciplinary teams produce better design proposals?
UGA’s CED will be represented by participating faculty including Rosanna Rivero, Alison Smith, and Alfie Vick, presenting work done by them and their students here at UGA. Joining researchers and designers from all over the world, UGA’s project focuses on increasing Georgia’s coastal resilience as this rapidly-developing area develops the infrastructure to sustain lives and livelihoods in the face of sea-level rise, increased storm severity and diminishing fresh water resources.
Before there was geodesign there were paper maps, layers of trace paper, inspired guesswork and lots of erasing. Landscape Architects and other land use designers and planners will recognize the direct link to Ian McHarg, a well-known professor at the University of Pennsylvania and author of the seminal work, Design with Nature which, in the 1960s, cultivated an understanding of our physical landscapes in terms of layers. Incorporating elements such as topography, aspect, soils and water, biota, climatic conditions, etc. into the understanding of a site’s multi-faceted character would make for better informed decisions about how the site could be used sustainably, McHarg espoused. His legacy lives on in the digital world of geodesign.